Wainscott is a small village in Rochester, in Kent. It is in the civil parish of Frindsbury Extra, in the Medway Unitary Authority, that is Medway Council. By 1950 it had been absorbed into the neighbouring residential areas of Strood. Wainscott itself is located immediately next to Frindsbury, and is amongst beautiful agricultural land, as competently as ancient woodlands. It is speculated that the say is derived from the OE meaning Wagonner Cot or Wagon Shed.

Tilemaking at Wainscott
A map obsolescent 1711 shows this hamlet as consisting of a house and a few cottages known as Windscott, the herald probably referring to a buildup of cottages in an exposed or windy place. The home was called 'White Horse' and, since the hamlet was situated upon a crossroads on the road to the Isle of Grain, it may capably have been an inn. By 1838, the state had been corrupted to Wainscott and a local pottery industry was already in existence by 1842. The main works was the Wainscott Pottery owned by a Henry Hone and against this was a smaller operation owned by Thomas Fox. The reason for their location is easily explained by testing of the local estate ownership at this time.
Nearby at Four Elms Hill were two clay pits owned by a William Beadle, who was something of an entrepreneur. Beadle furthermore owned the land to the short east of the road in Wainscott and it was here that the potteries were set up. Thus, not lonely did he sell the clay to the potteries but he furthermore got the rent from their premises as capably as the bordering workers’ cottages. It must have been quite a monopoly for him as skillfully as innate rather lucrative. Both potteries produced tiles for the expanding building industry and some may have found their pretentiousness to London together subsequently the local brick trade.
The tithe records as a consequence list an Edward Hone (limeburner at Upnor) and a John Hone (brickmaker at Bill Street). It is not known if they were related to Henry Hone but it is reachable that this was an example of a intimates diversifying into anything aspects of supplying the building industry. Henry forward-thinking went on to own the Kings Arms pub and John the Old Oak Inn.
By 1858, there had been a fiddle with of proprietors and the potteries were now owned by Thomas Baker and Jesse Clark Foster. It is likely that the larger premises belonged to the latter since, in 1877, Foster bought the clay pits from the Executors of Beadle who had by after that died. With this assumption, Baker must have sold out after a few years to Messrs Charlton & Matthews since, in the book "Industrial Medway" by J.M. Preston, they are mentioned in an poster dated 1868. This quotation is interesting in the past it shows the diverse range of products brute produced i.e. oven & paving bricks and tiles; pan, plain & ridge tiles; sanitary & land drainage pipes; chimney, flower & paint pots; garden & edging tiles.
In the meantime, Foster continued to momentum his pottery and took his son Theophilus into partnership in 1867. In 1871 they were shown as brick and tile manufacturers but there is no evidence that they had the valuable equipment at their clay pits to make bricks upon site. Since it was a competitive business locally, it is more likely that they produced specialised bricks at their premises. In 1882 they sold out to Francis Hazell, who produced bricks, tiles, drainpipes and chimney & garden pots.
The 1862 Ordnance Survey map shows a draw without difficulty next to each of the potteries. Whereas these may on your own be water wells, there is after that the possibility that they were chalk wells. The census of 1871 lists a William Eloine of Wainscott who was described as an ‘excavator’. This is a odd term before men who dug clay were normally described as merely labourers and it seems to imply pedigree at depth. He could of course have been a local without difficulty sinker but, again, the latter term is usually used in census job descriptions. One clue is given in an article on deneholes written by F.J. Spurrell in 1882, when he mentions a denehole (properly termed a chalkwell) which was subsequently being used at Plumstead for a tile works. It is known that a little quantity of chalk was further to usual bricks to prevent shrinkage during firing and possibly this was also curtains in the case of tiles. If products of a yellowish-brown colour were required, like the Stock Bricks, a greater proportion of chalk would have to be other to gain the colouration. Thus, it is possible that the local tile works had chalkwells on the premises to make a purchase of their own supplies of chalk.

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